Maison de la Paix || Casa Universale delle Culture (EN)

CASA UNIVERSALE DELLE CULTURE

The Maison de la Paix - Casa Universale delle Culture is a place strongly representative, in which will convey the knowledge of the different identities and cultures, structuring permanently initiatives aimed at the spreading of peace, necessary for the shared development.

The Maison de la Paix - Casa Universale delle Culture (MdP) is a project conceived by Michele Capasso, approved by many Countries and international organizations. It is an architecture that keeps the memory of many Peace activities which created history, often more than the wars, but it is – above all – a space "to build” Peace.

The architectonical complex has an important symbolic worth: it represents the Countries of the World engaged in the Peace process and the Countries victim of the conflicts.

Proposed by the Fondazione Mediterraneo with the Maison des Alliances – together with the main adherent organizations, such as the Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly, the League of Arab States, the "Anna Lindh" Euro-Mediterranean Foundation and others, the MdP represents a referent point for all the ones who dedicate their lives to peace.

The symbol of the MdP is the "Totem for Peace", an artwork by the Italian sculptor Mario Molinari which the Fondazione Mediterraneo is promoting all around the world, creating the network of the "Cities for Peace".

The first seat of the MdP was inaugurated on the 14th of June 2010 (Maison de la Paix - Casa Universale delle Culture) in the historical building of the Grand Hotel de Londres in Naples.

The action of the Maison de la Paix - Casa Universale delle Culture aims at improving the main activities of the "Universal Forum of Cultures" in: Barcelona (2004), Monterrey (2007), Valparaiso (2010) and Naples (2013).

The Maison de la Paix performs most of the initiatives jointly with the Maison de la Méditerranée.

 

The Fondazione Mediterraneo with its headquarters in Marrakech participated in the UN Migration Conference as an international observer.
The appointment was less than 30 countries (and among these Italy). The result was therefore satisfactory.
There are 164 Governments in the world that, on Monday, December 10, in Marrakech, approved the Global Compact for Immigration, the document promoted by the United Nations which provides for the sharing of some general guidelines on migration policies.
A "pact" to share principles, therefore not binding.
On Sunday evening, in front of an audience packed with journalists, the UN special representative for migration, Louise Arbor, immediately underlined it: this agreement is not binding and is aimed at greater cooperation between States on migration. But on one point the former high Canadian magistrate has been firm. "It is not a negotiating or consultative conference. Tomorrow (Monday 10 December), what was decided last July was signed. It is a reaffirmation of commitments taken earlier ».
A great applause goes to the host country, Morocco, which has made every effort to ensure that the framework of the Conference is up to the task. To welcome thousands of delegates is a large space where rows of palms and cactuses lead to modern sheds similar to large tents.
In the background the snow-covered chain of the Atlas.
But the absence of Italy, the only country that faces the Mediterranean not to be here, has not gone unnoticed.
The Global compact for a secure, orderly and regular migration (or simply Global Compact for immigration) is a document promoted by the UN that provides for the sharing of some general guidelines on migration policies. The goal is to give a coordinated and global response to the phenomenon.
This document, also insisting here in Marrakech the UN representatives, is based on the recognition of the need for a "cooperative approach to optimize the overall benefits of migration, addressing risks and challenges for individuals and communities in the countries of origin, transit and destination ".
The pact aims to achieve 23 immigration goals.
A sort of all-round multilateral approach in which all the actors involved are involved. It starts from data collection as a basis for the policies to be implemented. But the weight is also given to the contrast of the negative and structural factors that prevent people from building and maintaining livelihoods in their countries of origin.
The pact also intends to reduce the risks and vulnerabilities individuals face in the various stages of migration (including the fight against trafficking in human beings).
The guidelines identified in the document are the centrality of people, international cooperation, but also respect for the sovereignty of each state and compliance with international standards.
Italy has participated in all stages of the negotiations over the last two years. But on 27 November the Italian interior minister Matteo Salvini declared that he was against the Global Compact, because it would put "the so-called economic migrants and political refugees" on the same level, while other members of the League supported the minister's positions stating that document implies a risk of "uncontrolled immigration. Impossible for states to limit migratory flows".
This is why the president of the council Giuseppe Conte has sent back to parliament the examination of the plan arguing that Rome could accept the agreement at a later time, after the examination of the classroom: Italy therefore did not attend the summit in Marrakech and for now it will not be part of the Global Compact on Immigration.

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The National Conference "Communication and Peace Relations" organized by the IKAIROS association in collaboration with the Fondazione Mediterraneo took place at the Museum of Peace - MAMT.
Among the interventions: Ruggero Parrotto (president Ikairos), Michele Capasso (president of Fondazione Mediterraneo), Pierluigi Imperatore (scientific director of Ikairos), Giorgio Ventre (Federico II University of Naples).
The works were coordinated by Marisa Carosella (Ikairos).

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On November 12th and 13th in Sicily, the long-awaited conference on Libya organized by Italy took place. With this diplomatic initiative, Rome has launched new life in the process of reunification of Libyan institutions, divided since 2014 between the members of Tripoli and Tobruk. In fact, especially during the last year, the Government of National Unity (GUN), based in Tripoli, lost much of the legitimacy that derive from the support of the United Nations and the International Community. Not only the GUN, under the leadership of Fayez al-Serraj, has failed to open a serious channel of dialogue with the rival institutions of Cyrenaica, but has also proved to be absolutely weak, hostage of a varied range of militias, and too hesitant initiating the necessary security and economic reforms. The impasse and the deterioration of living conditions have also increased the discontent of the populations of Tripolitania (west) and Fezzan (south).
The "summit summit" was significant: in the morning at Villa Igiea there was a meeting attended by, in addition to Haftar, the premier Giuseppe Conte, Fayez al Sarraj, the Russian premier Dmitri Medvedev, the president of Egypt Al Sisi, the president of Tunisia Essebsi, the president of the EU Council Donald Tusk, the French foreign minister Le Drian, the Algerian premier Ouyahia and the UN envoy for Libya.

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