The project of the "Library of Peace" - originally "Library of the Mediterranean" - was born in 1997 in Naples, on the occasion of the "II Euromed Civil Forum" organized by the Fondazione Mediterraneo. In 2003, with the permanent agreements signed and, in particular, the one with the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the then president Suzanne Mubarak attended the inauguration in Naples) the "Library of Peace" found its headquarters - with an initial endowment of 10,000 volumes - in the historic former “Grand Hotel de Londres” in Naples.
On that occasion it was decided to own the Library only at "Pace" and to involve the whole world and not just the Mediterranean area. In 2016 the "Library of Peace" was dedicated to St. Jean-Paul II.