The Mediterranean Award has developed as follows:
In 1996 and in 1997 the Fondazione Mediterraneo granted the Sarajevo Award to poets of the Balkanic area.
In 1998 were instituted the sections Peace, Culture and Laboratorio Mediterraneo International Award. The latter is granted every year to the best short film chosen by an international jury during the Trieste Film Festival (since 2010 this award has been Includeed in the section Mediterranean Cinema Award).
In 2001 was instituted the section Art and Creativity and the special edition of the Twenty year Anniversary of the Mediterranean Award in 2015 was instituted.
In 2002 were instituted the sections Diplomacy, Institutions, Media and "Silver Dolphin".
In 2003 were instituted the section Cinema, Mediterranean Award “Special Edition” (granted every two years to personalities and institutions which have given a great contribution to spreading culture and social solidarity) and “Medal Honour” of the Mediterranean Award (granted to institutions and individuals having distinguished themselves in the course of the year for the promotion of peace in the Greater Mediterranean).
In 2004 was instituted the section Science and Research.
In 2005 were instituted the sections Architecture and Euro‑Mediterranean Award for Dialogue between Cultures (the latter was instituted by Fondazione Mediterraneo in partnership with the “Anna Lindh” Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for Dialogue between Cultures – the Fondazione Mediterraneo being Head of its Italian Network).
In 2007 was instituted the section Mediterranean Book Award, acknowledgment granted for translation, publication, promotion, circulation of literary works on the two shores.
In 2008 was instituted the section Social Solidarity and in 2009 the section Environment and Co-Development.
In 2010 were instituted the sections Ambassador of the Mediterranean, Inter-Faith Dialogue, Economy and Enterprise, Energy and Sustainable Development, Cultural Heritage, Community Service, Civil Society.
In the same year it was also decided to dedicate three awards to the memory: “Raffaele Capasso” Mediterranean Award for Legality, “Angelo Vassallo” Mediterranean Award for Environment and Co-Development and “Rita Allamprese” Mediterranean Award for Children.
Since 2010 the Mediterranean Award is represented by the ”Totem for Peace” by the sculptor Mario Molinari.
In 2011 it was decided to dedicate the Mediterranean Award for Science and Research – instituted in 2004 – to the memory of Mario Condorelli.
In 2012 was instituted the section Mediterranean Award for Archeology to the memory of Marcello Gigante.